Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Adolescents: An Overview Joseph S.
Physical symptoms[ edit ] In general, children who witness domestic violence in the home can suffer an immense amount of physical symptoms along with their emotional and behavioral state of despair.
These children may complain of general aches and pain, such as headaches and stomach aches. They may also have irritable and irregular bowel habits, cold soresand they may have problems with bed-wetting.
These complaints have been associated with depressive disorders in children, a common emotional effect of domestic violence.
Along with these general complaints of not feeling well, children who witness domestic violence may also appear nervous, as previously mentioned, and have short attention spans. These children display some of the same symptoms as children who have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
On the reverse, these children may show symptoms of fatigue and constant tiredness. They may fall asleep in school due to the lack of sleep at home.
Much of their night may be spent listening to or witnessing violence within the home. Children of domestic violence victims are often frequently ill, and may suffer from poor personal hygiene. Children who witness domestic violence also have a tendency to partake in high risk play activities, self-abuse, and suicide.
Increased maternal stress during the times of abuse, especially when combined with smoking and drug abusecan also lead to premature deliveries and low weight babies. Infants[ edit ] Infant children who are present in the home where domestic violence occurs often fall victim to being "caught in the crossfire.
Infants may be inconsolable and irritable, have a lack of responsiveness secondary to lacking the emotional and physical attachment to their mother, suffer from developmental delaysand have excessive diarrhea from both trauma and stress. Older children[ edit ] Physical effects of witnessing domestic violence in older children are less evident than behavioral and emotional effects.
The trauma that children experience when they witness domestic violence in the home, plays a major role in their development and physical well being.
Older children can sometimes turn the stress towards behavioral problems. Sometimes children who see the abuse turn to drugs, hoping to take the pain away. The children, however, will exhibit physical symptoms associated with their behavioral or emotional problems, such as being withdrawn from those around them, becoming non-verbal, and exhibiting regressed behaviors such as being clingy and whiney.
Anxiety often accompanies a physical symptom in children who witness domestic violence in the home. If their anxiety progresses to more physical symptoms, they may show signs of tiredness from lack of sleep and weight and nutritional changes from poor eating habits.
Some physical findings may be difficult to evaluate, like changes in their eating habits, sleep patterns, or bowel patterns should be further examined or questioned by someone whom they trust. Children may think that violence is an acceptable behavior of intimate relationships and become either the abused or the abuser.
Some warning signs are bed-wetting, nightmaresdistrust of adults, acting tough, having problems becoming attached to other people and isolating themselves from their close friends and family. Another behavioral response to domestic violence may be that the child may lie in order to avoid confrontation and excessive attention-getting.
The study that was presented was about introducing children to a role model that is aggressive, non-aggressive and a control group that showed no role model.
This study is called, "The Bobo Doll Experiment", the experiment has influenced the children to act similar to their role model towards the doll itself.
The children who were exposed to violence acted with aggression, the children who were exposed to a non-aggressive environment were quite friendly.
As a result, children can be highly influenced by what is going on in their environment. Denial and aggression are their major forms of problem-solving.
Teens cope with domestic violence by blaming others, encountering violence in a relationship, or by running away from home.The effects of domestic violence and the longevity of its effects are detrimental to the health and wellbeing of the survivor (Department of Health, ).
The physical impact of domestic violence may result in serious physical harm, injuries or even death. In homes where domestic violence occurs, children are at high risk of suffering physical abuse themselves. Regardless of whether children are physically abused or not, the emotional effects of witnessing domestic violence are very similar to the psychological trauma associated with being a victim of child abuse.
Domestic violence survivors can face ongoing and challenging effects after enduring physical, mental, and emotional abuse. It can take time for a survivor to adjust to living in a safe environment, especially if a perpetrator was severely violent and/or committed the actions over an extended period of time.
Bouma-Prediger 1 Sophia Bouma-Prediger 29 November Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Teens Domestic violence is, and has been for many years, a severe problem worldwide. Psychological Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Their Mothers Claude M.
|Domestic Violence in Families: Theory, Effects, and Intervention • SJS||Tweet Domestic violence is not just a family matter. Domestic violence takes place behind closed doors, but its effects reverberate throughout society.|
Chemtob Mount Sinai School of Medicine John G. Carlson University of Hawaii at Manoa While domestic violence and child abuse are known to be highly correlated, several related areas of functioning of victim mothers and children are not well researched and have.
Audrey Robinson is a research scientist in Cell and Molecular Biology. She is dedicated to the field of cancer research and has striven to support this research through her internet business marketing products for financial education and wealth management.