American Psychological Association format is most often used when writing articles relating to social and behavioral sciences. The sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association provides guidelines on how to structure, format and cite your critique.
Research Critique 1 Jamber, E. Investigating leadership, gender, and coaching level using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, The purpose of the study was to determine possible differences in leadership behaviors, using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale RLSSbetween male and female coaches and among different coaching levels.
The researchers submitted two hypotheses. The first hypothesis was that male and female coaches would respond differently to the RLSS in overall leadership behaviors. The second hypothesis was that differences on the RLSS would occur among coaching levels: The sample was nonrandom, including coaches that were chosen on a volunteer basis.
Within the sample, 0. With regard to coaching level, 25 0. While this is a good sample size, the problem lies with the distribution of the sample.
The sample number for junior high coaches, in particular, is rather low. A larger sample with regard to all categories would have aided in the data analysis, particularly when looking for possible interactions between gender and coaching level.
This scale is used to measure six leadership behaviors: This produced an ordinal level data set. Scales were administered in a number of environmental settings: The internal consistency for each section was calculated: There was no information, however, regarding the validity of the RLSS.
A MANOVA was used to analyze the data for differences between male and female coaches with regard to leadership behaviors. This is not consistent with the type of data collected.
The analysis showed there were no significant differences between male and female coaches in overall leadership behaviors. When the six leadership styles were examined separately, there was a significant difference in social support between males and females.
In general, females scored much higher than did the male coaches. A MANOVA was also used to examine the data for differences between the three levels of coaching junior high, high school, and college with regard to leadership behavior in general.
There were significant differences between the three levels. When breaking down the six behaviors and examining them individually, an ANOVA was used to analyze the data.
The three coaching levels scored differently on three of the six behaviors: High school coaches scored much higher than college level coaches in democratic behavior.
Junior high coaches were significantly lower in training and instruction than either high school or college coaches.When writing a journal critique in APA format, you must follow general structural guidelines.
Format your paper so all of the text is double-spaced and there is a 1-inch margin on all sides.
The APA recommends using Times New Roman in 12 point. Critique papers require students to conduct a critical analysis of another piece of writing, often a book, journal article, or essay. No matter what your major is, you will probably be expected to write a critique paper at some point.
Article Critique Example One of the ways of simplifying the whole process of completing the assignment is using an article critique example. Many students decide to download such samples in order to get an overall idea of how the assignment should look like and what key points should be added.
Sample summary & critique papers These examples are reproduced from Writing in Biology. Jan of the main points of the paper you chose to critique!) If you cannot write a clear summary, you absolutely cannot begin to critique the paper. A short and clear summary precedes the critique in this example.
One point. Article Review Samples Reviewing an article is not as easy as it sounds: it requires a critical mind and doing some extra research. Check out our article review samples to gain a better understanding of how to review articles yourself. questionable!decision!making!on!alower!level.!Udo!Pesch!sees!this!as!“undesirable”!and!writes!