Mobile Second language acquisition - essential information The information and advice on this page was written for FIS teachers in advance of the visit to the school of Professor J. Mainstream teachers who have a knowledge of his theories and act on his advice will be in a much stronger position to help the ESL students in their classes. BICS are Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills; these are the "surface" skills of listening and speaking which are typically acquired quickly by many students; particularly by those from language backgrounds similar to English who spend a lot of their school time interacting with native speakers.
Many told me to just expect it, as if it Bilingualism language acquisition hand in hand: A bilingual home environment may cause a temporary delay in the onset of both languages.
I took all of this advice at face value eight years ago.
Luckily, I came across work from Colin Baker, a researcher in childhood bilingualism. His research findings reassured me. An Introduction for Professionals, published in Raising children bilingually is sometimes believed to cause language delay, though evidence does not support this position.
Raising children bilingually neither increases nor reduces the chance of language disorder or delay. Soon after that, while hanging out and chatting with some Hispanic friends, they told me that all but one of their children both boys and girls had started speaking either before or around the same time as their monolingual peers.
Now I was extremely intrigued!
Here is a quote from a report at the Center for Applied Linguistics: Although many parents believe that bilingualism results in language delay, research suggests that monolingual and bilingual children meet major language Bilingualism language acquisition milestones at similar times.
Despite the ongoing research on childhood bilingualism and researchers around the world doing their best to get the word out, the belief that language delay is a byproduct of bilingualism is still an ongoing misconception. At this point, I often tell parents of bilingual homes to choose a primary language so the child can develop a good understanding and use of one language to communicate.
It is hard to blame anyone for offering this advice with respect to language delay and disorders she is only one of many who give this advice in cyberspaceas many in the medical establishment are still teaching it. Perhaps this myth about language delay has hung around for so long because it seems to make a kind of logical sense: Being exposed to multiple languages which each represents its own words for the same thing must cause confusion and thus a language delay in using words, right?
Our bilingual children are picking up something more like packages of sounds that they are hearing around themselves. They are simply putting the sounds together in the context that they hear them. As their little brains become more complex, they start to understand concepts like words and sentences and parts of speech.
Their main goal becomes making themselves understood and getting others to react to their needs and wants. Basically what this means is that language learning is in itself a complex process and what an amazing feat!
Here is research from the highly respected Cornell Language Acquisition Lab: Although some parents and educators may have concerns about the potential for confusion, bilingual children do not suffer language confusion, language delay, or cognitive deficit.
Here are some things to remember: Research shows that bilingual children start speaking within the same time frames as monolingual children. Some children start speaking before we expect it to happen and others much later, regardless of the number of languages spoken in the home. Bilingual children can have the same speech and cognitive disorders as monolingual children.
It is important for us to understand this. If you are concerned that your child has a speech disorder, make sure to get it checked out as soon as you can.
Language learning itself is a complex process which your child is working through step by step based on the surrounding verbal input. Just use your languages as much as possible with your children and their brains will do the work of putting it all together.
For an insightful discussion about bilingualism and language delay, read the Ask Madalena answer and comments to Help! If you have any concerns about your child having language delay, the discussion in the comments section of that post will be helpful!
Did anyone ever tell you that bilingualism can cause language delay? Are you concerned that your child might have a speech or cognitive disorder currently but are worried to see a speech therapist for fear you will be told to stop raising your child bilingually?
Multilingual Living is the place where she shares her knowledge about raising multilingual and multicultural children. Corey, an American, and her German husband live in Seattle where they raise and homeschool their three children, ages 15, 14 and 12, in German and English. This website is provided for informational and entertainment purposes only and is not intended as a replacement or substitute for any professional financial, medical, legal, or other advice.
This information is provided as a service to Multilingual Living readers and is not intended to replace consultation with medical or other professionals.
We really appreciate you linking to us in this post!Early Childhood English Language Learner (ECELL) An ECELL is a child who is between the ages of zero and five (early stages of development) and who is in the process of learning English as a second language.
Simultaneous Acquisition occurs when a child is raised bilingually from birth, or when the second language is introduced before the age of three (10). Children learning two languages simultaneously go through the same developmental stages as children learning one language.
Examines languages and bilingualism as individual and societal phenomena, presents program types, variables, and policies in bilingual education, and concludes by looking at practices, especially pedagogies and assessments. About us. John Benjamins Publishing Company is an independent, family-owned academic publisher headquartered in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
More. Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism. Research has overwhelmingly shown that when a bilingual person uses one language, the other is active at the same time.
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition is an international peer-reviewed journal focusing on bilingualism from a linguistic, psycholinguistic, and neuroscientific perspective.
The aims of the journal are to promote research on the bilingual and multilingual person and to encourage debate in the field.