However, no-one but the young Philoctetes was willing to light the fire, and in return for this favour Heracles gave Philoctetes his magical bow whose arrows infallibly kill. The bite festered, leaving him in constant agony and giving off a sickening smell. After ten years of war, the Greeks seemed unable to finish off Troy. So, Odysseus against his willaccompanied by Neoptolemusthe young son of Achillesis forced to sail back to Lemnos to retrieve the bow and to face the bitter and twisted Philoctetes.
Lecture 7 Classical Greece, BC When we think of ancient Greece and the ancient Greeks, it is usually the 5th century which commands our undivided attention. This is the age of the great historians Herodotus and Thucydides, great dramatists like Sophocles, Euripides and Aeschylus, and the brilliant philosopher Socrates.
The 5th century is also regarded as the age when the Greeks embraced their brilliant experiment in direct democracy.
Amazing monuments to human achievement were constructed in Athens and other Hellenic city-states.
The Persian Invasion of Greece However, the 5th century was also an age of war and conflict. Between and B. By about B. Almost immediately, however, these states were confronted by an invasion of the Persian Empire.
King Darius B.
The Athenians lent their support but the revolt ultimately collapsed in B. Darius sent his fleet across the Aegean in and awaited news of victory.
The Persians landed at Marathon, a village just north of Athens. The Greek forces charged and trapped the Persians and won the battle. The remainder of the Persians attempted to attack Athens but the Greek army rushed back and the Persians were forced to return to Asia Minor.
Darius prepared a second invasion but died B. The task was taken up by Xerxes c. He also oversaw the fortification of the harbor at Piraeus. Fearing destruction at the hands of the Persians, in B. Athens, Sparta and Corinth were the most powerful members. The Greeks made their stand at Thermopylae.
Five thousand men took up their positions to defend the pass at Thermopylae. The Greeks held the pass but eventually a traitorous Greek led a Persian force through the hills to the rear of the Greek forces, who were subsequently massacred. Meanwhile, the Greek navy tried to hold off the Persian ships at Artemisium.
The Athenians eventually abandoned Athens ahead of the Persian army. The Persians marched across the Attic peninsula and burned Athens. Themistocles then sent a false message to Xerxes, telling him to strike at once.
The Persians were taken in and sent their navy into the narrow strait between Athens and the island of Salamis.
More than three hundred Greek ships rammed the Persians and heavily armed Greek soldiers boarded the ships. The Greek victory at Salamis was a decisive one. However, Persian forces remained in Greece. Their final expulsion came in B. After the Persian Wars, Athens emerged as the most dominant political and economic force in the Greek world.
The Athenian polis, buttressed by the strength of its Council of Five Hundred and Assembly of citizens, managed to gain control of a confederation of city-states which gradually became the Athenian Empire. The Athenians not only had a political leadership based on the principles of direct democracy as set in motion by Cleisthenes see Lecture 6they also had wide trading and commercial interests in the Mediterranean world.
These trading interests spread throughout the area of the Aegean Sea including Asia Minor, an area known as the Aegean Basin. Greek victories against the Persians secured mainland Greece from further invasion.
There was a great sense of relief on the part of all Greeks that they had now conquered the conquerors. But, there were some citizens who argued in the Assembly that a true Greek victory would only follow from total defeat of the Persians, and this meant taking the war to Persia itself.
And this is precisely what would happen in the 5th century. Meanwhile, dozens of Greek city-states joined together to form a permanent union for the war.
Delegates met on the island of Delos in B. The allies swore oaths of alliance which were to last until lumps of iron, thrown into the sea, rose again. The Delian League policy was to be established by an assembly of representatives but was to be administered by an admiral and ten treasurers appointed by Athens.
It fell upon the Athenian leader, Aristides the Just, to assign an assessment of talents per year, which member states paid in cash or in the form of manned ships.Decline, Survival, Revival Although one would not have guessed it by reading Aristotle's analysis of tragedy as a poetic genre, the Poetics (c.
), tragedy declined after the death of Sophocles and Euripides, and the humiliation of Athens at the end of the Peloponnesian War. Although several names (and some fragments) of poets who lived .
“Philoctetes” (Gr: “Philoktetes”) is a tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Sophocles, first performed at the City Dionysia of Athens in BCE, where it won first plombier-nemours.com story takes place towards the end of the Trojan War, after the events recounted in Homer’s “Iliad”, and describes the attempt by Neoptolemus and Odysseus to persuade or trick the disabled Philoctetes into.
Marlowe and the first Christian tragedy.
The first tragedian worthy of the tradition of the Greeks was Christopher plombier-nemours.com Marlowe’s tragedies, Tamburlaine (), Doctor Faustus (c. ), The Jew of Malta (), and Edward II (c. ), the first two are the most famous and most significant. In Tamburlaine, the material was highly melodramatic; the historical figure’s popular image.
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Marlowe and the first Christian tragedy. The first tragedian worthy of the tradition of the Greeks was Christopher plombier-nemours.com Marlowe’s tragedies, Tamburlaine (), Doctor Faustus (c.
), The Jew of Malta (), and Edward II (c. ), the first two are the most famous and most significant.
In Tamburlaine, the material was highly . Lecture 7 Classical Greece, BC: When we think of ancient Greece and the ancient Greeks, it is usually the 5 th century which commands our undivided attention. This is the age of the great historians Herodotus and Thucydides, great dramatists like Sophocles, Euripides and Aeschylus, and the brilliant philosopher Socrates.