We have already talked about Mark Twain in one of our other book reviews.
Plot[ edit ] Tom Cantyyoungest son of a poor family living in Offal Court located in London, has always aspired to a better life, encouraged by the local priest, who has taught him to read and write.
Loitering around the palace gates one day, he meets Edward Tudorthe Prince of Wales. Coming too close in his intense excitement, Tom is nearly caught and beaten by the Royal Guards.
However, Edward stops them and invites Tom into his palace chamber. There, the two boys get to know one another. Fascinated by each other's life and their uncanny resemblance to each other and learning they were even born on the same day, they decide to switch places "temporarily.
There, he is subjected to the brutality of Tom's alcoholic and abusive father, from whom he manages to escape, and meets one Miles Hendon, a soldier and nobleman returning from war. Although Miles does not believe Edward's claims to royalty, he humors him and becomes his protector.
Tom, dressed as Edward, tries to cope with court customs and manners. His fellow nobles and palace staff think the prince has an illness, which has caused memory loss and fear he will go mad. They repeatedly ask him about the missing Great Seal of Englandbut he knows nothing about it.
However, when Tom is asked to sit in on judgments, his common-sense observations reassure them his mind is sound. As Edward experiences the brutal life of a London pauper firsthand, he becomes aware of the stark class inequality in England. In particular, he sees the harsh, punitive nature of the English judicial system where people are burned at the stake, pilloried, and flogged.
He realizes that the accused are convicted on flimsy evidence and human branding — or hanged — for petty offenses, and vows to reign with mercy when he regains his rightful place.
When Edward unwisely declares to a gang of thieves that he is the King and will put an end to unjust laws, they assume he is insane and hold a mock coronation.
After a series of adventures, including a stint in prison, Edward interrupts the coronation as Tom is about to be crowned as King. The nobles are shocked at their resemblance, and refuse to believe that Edward is the rightful King wearing Tom's clothes until he produces the Great Seal of England that he hid before leaving the palace.
Miles is rewarded with the rank of Earl and the family right to sit in the presence of the King. In gratitude for supporting the new King's claim to the throne, Edward names Tom the "King's Ward," a privileged position he holds for the rest of his life. The ending explains that though Edward died at the age of 15, he reigned mercifully due to his experiences.
Themes[ edit ] The introductory quote — "The quality of mercy is. While written for children, The Prince and the Pauper is both a critique of social inequality and a criticism of judging others by their appearance.
Twain wrote of the book, "My idea is to afford a realizing sense of the exceeding severity of the laws of that day by inflicting some of their penalties upon the King himself and allowing him a chance to see the rest of them applied to others Initially intended as a play, the book was originally set in Victorian England before Twain decided to set it further back in time.
The "whipping-boy story," originally meant as a chapter to be part of The Prince and the Pauper was published in the Hartford Bazar Budget of July 4,before Twain deleted it from the novel at the suggestion of William Dean Howells.
Osgoode of Boston, with illustrations by F.Complete summary of Mark Twain's The Prince and the Pauper. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of The Prince and the Pauper. The Prince and the Pauper Summary Mark Twain. The Prince and the Pauper is a novel by American author Mark Twain.
It was first published in in Canada, before its publication in the United States. The novel represents Twain's first attempt at historical fiction/5(K).
The Prince and the Pauper is a historical fiction childrenâ s novel written by Mark Twain and published in The novel, set in , follows two identical boys, one of whomâ Tom Cantyâ is a pauper, and the otherâ Prince Edwardâ is . THE PRINCE AND THE PAUPER by Mark Twain The Project Gutenberg EBook Prince and Pauper, by Mark Twain, Complete # in our series by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) The birth of the Prince and the Pauper.
In the ancient city of London, on a certain autumn day in the second quarter of the sixteenth cen-. Mark Twain's The Prince and The Pauper tells a story of Edward (Eddie) Tudor and Tom Canty. During the story, the boys trade clothes in order to escape from their own lives.
Each boy learns an. The Prince and the Pauper is a book consisted of 33 chapters that are named shortly and announce the theme of the chapter. It is an additional comment of the story teller in which we find out the faith of the characters after the novel is done.