Malene Breusch Hansen Take good care of your head.
Print Overview Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors. Many people have mental health concerns from time to time.
But a mental health concern becomes a mental illness when ongoing signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and affect your ability to function. A mental illness can make you miserable and can cause problems in your daily life, such as at school or work or in relationships. In most cases, symptoms can be managed with a combination of medications and talk therapy psychotherapy.
Symptoms Signs and symptoms of mental illness can vary, depending on the disorder, circumstances and other factors. Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts and behaviors.
Examples of signs and symptoms include: Feeling sad or down Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt Extreme mood changes of highs and lows Withdrawal from friends and activities Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping Detachment from reality delusionsparanoia or hallucinations Inability to cope with daily problems or stress Trouble understanding and relating to situations and to people Alcohol or drug abuse Major changes in eating habits Sex drive changes Excessive anger, hostility or violence Suicidal thinking Sometimes symptoms of a mental health disorder appear as physical problems, such as stomach pain, back pain, headache, or other unexplained aches and pains.
When to see a doctor If you have any signs or symptoms of a mental illness, see your primary care provider or mental health specialist. Most mental illnesses don't improve on their own, and if untreated, a mental illness may get worse over time and cause serious problems.
If you have suicidal thoughts Suicidal thoughts and behavior are common with some mental illnesses. If you think you may hurt yourself or attempt suicide, get help right away: Call or your local emergency number immediately. Call your mental health specialist. Call a suicide hotline number — in the U.
Seek help from your primary care doctor or other health care provider. Reach out to a close friend or loved one. Contact a minister, spiritual leader or someone else in your faith community.
Suicidal thinking doesn't get better on its own — so get help. Helping a loved one If your loved one shows signs of mental illness, have an open and honest discussion with him or her about your concerns. You may not be able to force someone to get professional care, but you can offer encouragement and support.
You can also help your loved one find a qualified mental health provider and make an appointment. You may even be able to go along to the appointment. If your loved one has done self-harm or is considering doing so, take the person to the hospital or call for emergency help.
Causes Mental illnesses, in general, are thought to be caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors: Mental illness is more common in people whose blood relatives also have a mental illness.
Certain genes may increase your risk of developing a mental illness, and your life situation may trigger it. Environmental exposures before birth. Exposure to environmental stressors, inflammatory conditions, toxins, alcohol or drugs while in the womb can sometimes be linked to mental illness.
Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring brain chemicals that carry signals to other parts of your brain and body.
When the neural networks involving these chemicals are impaired, the function of nerve receptors and nerve systems change, leading to depression.
Risk factors Certain factors may increase your risk of developing mental health problems, including: Having a blood relative, such as a parent or sibling, with a mental illness Stressful life situations, such as financial problems, a loved one's death or a divorce An ongoing chronic medical condition, such as diabetes Brain damage as a result of a serious injury traumatic brain injurysuch as a violent blow to the head Traumatic experiences, such as military combat or being assaulted Use of alcohol or recreational drugs Being abused or neglected as a child Having few friends or few healthy relationships A previous mental illness Mental illness is common.
About 1 in 5 adults has a mental illness in any given year. Mental illness can begin at any age, from childhood through later adult years, but most begin earlier in life.
The effects of mental illness can be temporary or long lasting.
You also can have more than one mental health disorder at the same time. For example, you may have depression and a substance use disorder. Complications Mental illness is a leading cause of disability.
Untreated mental illness can cause severe emotional, behavioral and physical health problems. Complications sometimes linked to mental illness include:These are the most common situations in which police encounter people with mental illness.
It is important to realize, though, that when police officers handle some of these situations they do not always realize that mental illness is involved (such as a shoplifting or a disorderly person). The safety of football continues to be a heated topic for players and parents, with mixed evidence regarding the effect of head injuries on mental illness.
In some places, the study’s authors note, viewing transgender people as having a mental illness might force them to get psychiatric care rather than the physical care they seek, or be used by. The Sociological Study of Mental Illness: A Historical Perspective.
By. The culmination of this perspective on the sociological study of mental illness came with the publication in of Faris and Dunham’s monograph on Mental Disorders in Urban Areas, a volume which, its title notwithstanding, focused primarily on Chicago See Faris and.
The authors of the study concluded the issue is not just whether these traits cross into pathological territory but whether a person’s mental health and Other mental illness is more. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is an often misunderstood, serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self image and behavior.