He learned long ago that white hatred of Negroes reflects white, not Negro, deformities, and this has allowed him to feel compassion for the oppressors as well as the oppressed, to grow in strength even while surrounded by vilification. But recently the personal attacks on King have come from less traditional sources and must therefore have proved a greater challenge to his equanimity. Some of the advocates of Black Power and of black nationalism have begun to treat King's insistence on nonviolence as a prehistoric relic, and to mock King himself, with his appeals to religion, to patience and to conscience, as an irrelevancy. Their scorn has been modified in recent months by King's outspoken stand against our policy in Vietnam, but ironically that same stand has brought denunciation from a different quarter in the Negro community—from the established civil rights forces led by Roy Wilkins, Ralph Bunche and Whitney Young.
Articles Explore articles from the History Net archives about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. His eloquence as a speaker and his personal charisma, combined with a deeply rooted determination to establish equality among all races despite personal risk won him a world-wide following. His success in galvanizing the drive for civil rights, however, made him the target of conservative segregationists who believed firmly in the superiority of the white race and feared social change.
He was arrested over 20 times and his home was bombed. Ultimately, he was assassinated on April 4,on the balcony of a motel where he was staying in Memphis. A monument to Dr.
King was unveiled in the national capital in His father, in a interview, said that both he and his son were supposed to be named for the leader of the Protestant Reformation but misunderstandings led to Michael being the name on birth records.
The boy became the third member of his family to serve as pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, following in the footsteps of his grandfather and father.
His training and experience as a minister undoubtedly contributed to his renowned oratorical style and cadence. He also followed the educational path taken by his father and grandfather: He then went on to study theology at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, an integrated school where he was elected president of his senior class although it was comprised primarily of white students.
Inhe received an advanced degree from Boston College in Massachusetts; he had completed the residence for his doctorate two years earlier. Ina Boston University investigatory committee determined he had plagiarized portions of his doctoral dissertation; plagiarism was also discovered in his word at Crozer.
However, the committee did not recommend his degree be revoked. Evidence of plagiarism had been discovered by Boston University archivists in the s. While in Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, who would be his lifetime partner in both marriage and his campaign for civil rights.
Negroes, the term then used for the African race, were relegated to the back of the bus and had to give up their seats if a white person wanted them. Since many blacks lived in poverty or near-poverty, few could afford automobiles, and public busses were essential to them for traveling to and from work and elsewhere.
During the boycott, King became a target for segregationists. Personal abuse, arrest, and the bombing of his home made clear the risks he would be taking if he continued to work with the movement for civil rights.
Inthat movement spawned a new organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, to focus on achieving civil rights. King was elected president. King strongly influenced the ideals of the organization.
During the next 11 years, he would speak over 2, times at public events, traveling over six million miles.
He also wrote articles and five books to spread the message farther. Inhe was a leader in the massive civil rights protests at Birmingham, Alabama, that drew the attention of all America—indeed, of the entire world—to the discrimination African Americans faced and their demands for change.
Like Martin Luther King, Jr. Although King stressed nonviolence, even when confronted by violence, those who opposed change did not observe such niceties.
Protestors were beaten, sprayed with high-pressure water hoses, tear-gassed, and attacked by police dogs; bombings at black churches and other locations took a number of lives; some, both black and white, who agitated for civil rights such as the right to vote were murdered, but the movement pressed on.
King was the most prominent leader in the drive to register black voters in Atlanta and the march on Washington, D. His message had moved beyond African Americans and was drawing supporters from all segments of society, many of them appalled by the violence they saw being conducted against peaceful protestors night after night on television news.
At 35, he was the youngest man ever to have received it. His anti-war position was an outgrowth of his belief in nonviolence, but to those who opposed King it intensified their belief he was pro-communist and anti-American. The mayor, Henry Loeb, staunchly opposed all these measures.
King was solicited to come to Memphis to lead a planned march and work stoppage on March That protest march turned violent when sign-carrying students at the end of the parade began breaking windows of businesses, which led to looting. One looter was killed and about 60 people were injured.Martin Luther King Jr.
(b. –d. ) was born Michael King in Atlanta, Georgia. His father, Michael King Sr., was a Baptist preacher. After attending a Baptist World Alliance in Berlin during the early s, the elder King changed his name and his son’s to Martin Luther King in.
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This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
Sociological Analysis of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Letter from a Birmingham Jail Abstract The paper analyses Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” from a sociological point of view and shows how three major theories (structural functionalism, social conflict, and symbolic interactionism) are treated in the letter.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" was a response to "A Call for Unity" by eight white clergymen.
His inspiration for writing the letter was the clergymen's unjust proposals and the letter allowed him to present his rebuttal. Also see Norman Swartz, SEP on common knowledge and the analysis of knowledge, EB, CE, and DPM..
knowledge by acquaintance / knowledge by description. Russell's distinction between ways of plombier-nemours.com the objects of immediate experience are known by acquaintance, through our direct awareness of them.